Tag Archives: survey

Our Survey Results

Below, you will find the text of a fact sheet produced by DCTC summarizing the results of our survey on gender-segregated spaces in DC. Below that, you will also find some reflections on what this data means along with expanded statistics from the survey about employment, income, access to health care and so on.  See our page on Reports and Research for more studies and data on the trans community in DC.

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Introduction

In October 2006, regulations to enforce anti-discrimination protections for gender identity or expression went into effect in the District of Columbia. These regulations include specific protections for people to access and use gender-segregated public facilities consistent with their gender identity.  The regulations also included a mandate for the creation of more gender-neutral public restrooms in the District.  While these regulations are an important step forward, they have not yet been fully implemented and have been threatened by District agencies.

In November 2008, DCTC launched a survey to gather information about people’s experiences accessing or using gender-segregated public facilities.  The results reveal that people in our community have experienced significant problems with these facilities.  These problems have impacted people’s education, employment, health, and participation in public life.  The regulations of enforcement for the DC Human Rights Act must be fully implemented to address problems our community faces.

Reported Problems

The survey collected responses from 93 people who self-identify as trans and/or gender non-conforming and asked about experiences they have had with gender-segregated public facilities in DC, such as restrooms, locker rooms, and public housing facilities.  Out of 93 respondents, 65 (70 percent) reported experiencing problems as follows:

  • 63 respondents (68 percent) have been denied access to, verbally harassed in, and/or physically assaulted in public bathrooms.
  • 17 respondents (18 percent) have been denied access to, verbally harassed in, and/or physically assaulted in locker rooms.h
  • 19 respondents (20 percent) have been denied access to and/or verbally harassed in dressing rooms or changing rooms.
  • Out of the 8 respondents who have been housed in a public housing facility in DC (such as a homeless shelter, DC jail, or treatment facility), 6 respondents (75 percent) experienced physical assault, verbal abuse, denial of medical care and/or hormones, harassment, and/or being treated worse than others by staff.

Impact of Reported Problems

This survey assessed the impact of problems with gender-segregated public facilities in four areas: education, employment, health, and participation in public life.

Education:

  • 13 of 31 respondents (42 percent) who attended school in DC reported being denied access and/or verbally harassed in gender-segregated facilities at school.
  • 3 respondents (10 percent) reported these incidents negatively impacted their education in the following ways: caused excessive absences, poor performance, had to change schools, and/or dropped out of school.

Employment:

  • 16 of 60 respondents (27 percent) who have worked in DC reported being denied access and/or verbally harassed in gender-segregated facilities at work.
  • 8 respondents (13 percent) reported these incidents negatively impacted their employment in the following ways: caused excessive tardiness, poor performance, had to change job, and/or had to quit job.

Health:

  • 53 respondents (54 percent) reported having physical problems from trying to avoid using public bathrooms, such as “holding it,” dehydration, urinary tract infection, kidney infection, and other kidney-related problems.
  • 8 respondents (9 percent) have avoided going to a hospital, healthcare facility, or doctor’s office because those facilities have gender-segregated restrooms.

Participation in Public Life:

  • 54 respondents (58 percent) reported that they have avoided going out in public and 28 respondents (30 percent) reported not attending a specific event, both due to a lack of safe public restroom facilities.
  • 37 respondents (38 percent) reported avoiding particular public places due to a lack of safe restroom facilities.  The places respondents most frequently avoided include retail stores, restaurants, gyms, and bars (including gay bars).

Policy Needs

1)    DC must fully implement the enforcement regulations adopted in October 2006 for the “gender identity or expression” provision of the DC Human Rights Act.

2)    The new DC Department of Corrections Operations Memorandum must be fully implemented with regular review and revision to improve effectiveness.

**********************

A total of 69 (74%) of our respondents identified as white; 20 (22%) as black/African American; 4 (4%) Latina/Hispanic; 3 (3%) as Native American; 5 (5%) as Asian/Pacific Islander; and 1 (1%) as Arab/Middle Eastern. Since respondents were able to mark more than one racial identification, 63 (67%) identified themselves as only white.

58 respondents identified as transgender, 26 as transsexual and 36 as genderqueer. (There were more possibilities listed, including but not limited to androgynous, masculine woman, feminine man, third gender, two spirit, crossdresser and drag queen, and respondents were able to check multiple answers.) 16 identified themselves as male-to-female and 36 as female-to-male. 60 respondents were assigned female at birth, and 40 were assigned male at birth. This would seem to indicate that trans women were underrepresented in the data.

34 (37%) were aged 18-24; 30 (32%) were aged 25-34; 15 (16%) aged 35-44; 8 (9%) aged 45-54; 5 (5%) aged 55-64 and 1 (1%) was aged over 65. Thus, our data is also extremely skewed toward young people.

15 (16%) of respondents were unemployed, 46 (49%) were part-time employed, 24 (26%) were full-time and 8 (9%) responded they had another form of income besides full or part time employment.  2 (2%) respondents were homeless, 10 (11%) owned homes, with the rest renting, living rent free or living in a college dorm.

Incomes were as follows:

  • 10 (11%) : no annual income
  • 17 (18%) : under $5,000
  • 8 (9%) : $5,000 – 9,999
  • 7 (8%) : $10,000 -19,999
  • 7 (8%) : $20,000 – 29,999
  • 10 (11%) : $30,000 – 39,999
  • 7 (8%): $40,000 – 49,999
  • 8 (9%) : $50,000 – 59,999
  • 9 (10%) : $60,000 – 69,999
  • 2 (2%) : $70,000 – 79,999
  • 2 (2%) : $80,000 – 89,999
  • 0 (0%) : $90,000 – 99,999
  • 5 (5%) : $100,000 or more

In other words, almost half (46%) of all respondents made less than 20,000 dollars a year. 8 (9%) had no insurance and 10 (11%) were on Medicare/Medicaid. Of the respondents who indicated they wanted some kind of medical procedure to help them transition, 34 of 57 (60%) said they could not afford it.

Removing the people who only identified as white, incomes were as follows:

  • 8 (27%) : no annual income
  • 6 (20%) : under $5,000
  • 1 (3%) : $5,000 – 9,999
  • 1 (3%) : $10,000 -19,999
  • 3 (10%) : $20,000 – 29,999
  • 6 (20%) : $30,000 – 39,999
  • 1 (3%): $40,000 – 49,999
  • 1 (3%) : $50,000 – 59,999
  • 2 (7%) : $60,000 – 69,999
  • 0 (0%) : $70,000 – 79,999
  • 0 (0%) : $80,000 – 89,999
  • 0 (0%) : $90,000 – 99,999
  • 1 (3%) : $100,000 or more

Thus, 53% of people who identified as something other than only white made less than 20,000 a year, compared to 46% of the total sample population including white respondents.

35 respondents (38%) believe they have been discriminated against based on their gender identity or expression in DC since the regulations on gender identity and expression in the Human Rights Act went into effect.  Only 2 respondents have reported the discrimination to the Office of Human Rights. In the “write more” boxes on the survey, people expressed that they seriously doubted whether reporting the incidents would be taken seriously.

The data is also very specific in that it is asking whether the person surveyed had experienced problems in DC since the regulations went into effect. Since many of our respondents did not actually live in the District, they may have experienced discrimination in other places, or before 2006. For example, we cannot even say the percentage of trans people surveyed who have been housed in public accommodations (i.e., jail, shelters etc). Since there is no federal prison in DC, anyone who has been sentenced to a felony or a sentence of over 6-8 months would have served time outside of DC.

Therefore it is possible that more than the 9% we discovered have actually been incarcerated or in homeless shelters outside of DC, or before 2006. Also, given that our data is skewed toward young, white, FTM-spectrum individuals, this number is also likely off.

8/13/09 Newsletter: Announcing New Campaigns, and Other Updates!

Hi DCTC members, friends and supporters! There’s been a whole lot  going on for us lately, and we’d like to update everyone about what we’re doing. Here’s a quick summary, and you can read on for more. If  any of these sound exciting, we hope to see you at our next organizing meeting.

1. New Know Your Rights Material Released
2. Launching Health Care Survey & Access Campaign
3. Efforts to Improve Bathroom Safety Gaining Momentum
4. Fighting the Effects of the Budget Crisis on DC’s Trans Community
5. Continuing to Combat Police Harassment and Brutality
6. Beginning Efforts to Ease the Process for Amending Sex-Designations on DC Birth Certificates

—————————————————————-

1. New Know Your Rights Material Released

We’re putting the final touches on an updated version of our Know Your Rights booklets. The new version includes new rights in DC homeless shelters, public schools and jails, information on dealing with police and an expanded list of local resources for trans and gender nonconforming people. If you’d like a copy (or several!), send us an e- mail at dctranscoalition@gmail.com or call 202.557.1951. Soon, you will also be able to download a pdf on the website.

We are also finishing up a new presentation to educate trans/GNC people about our rights in the District. We’ll be meeting with a group of gender nonconforming youth next month, and we’d love to do more! If you have friends, support groups or organizations you’d like us to talk to or give a workshop for, let us know and we’ll set something up.

—————————————————————-

2. Launching Health Care Survey & Access Campaign

Thanks to the success of our survey on gender-segregated spaces, we’d like to initiate another survey for our community. This time, we’ll be focusing on the issue of trans and gender nonconforming people’s access to health care. We already know that our community faces huge barriers to appropriate care, but we’d like to know more. Do doctors or nurses mess up your pronouns? Do other clients harass you? Do you have trouble getting on health insurance? Can you find a clinic within reasonable distance that will see you? Does your insurance pay for hormones? These are some of the things we want to know!

We’re going to start working on the surveys soon, and would love to have input. If there are questions you think we should include, let us know! We plan on developing two: one for providers, and one for (trans/GNC) clients. The goal is to educate providers about trans people’s needs so that they can serve us better, and to learn what our community needs most so we can work on increasing our access to public benefits and health care. Keep an eye out for our survey, and expect to hear more from us about health care coverage soon.

—————————————————————-

3. Efforts to Improve Bathroom Safety Gaining Momentum

Our Bathroom Access and Safety Campaign is continuing to grow. We have collected over 180 instances of gender-specific single occupancy restrooms that are not in compliance with the Human Rights Law. Please, keep sending them to [UPDATE] the DC Office of Human Rights! Submit the name and address of the establishment, and whether or not their bathrooms are in compliance using this web form or tweet that info (ideally with a photo) with the hashtag #safebathroomsDC. For more info, check out our website.

The “Pee in Peace” rally on the 25th of last month was a huge success. About forty people showed up, and we dispersed to investigate the local bathroom situation, helping us gather non-compliant establishments and raise awareness about trans/GNC people’s safety in public bathrooms. Several media outlets have covered the campaign, including local news, a cover story in the Washington Blade and national blogs like Pam’s House Blend. Also check out our op-ed in the Blade.

Just today, the Washington City Paper has a slightly more sensational article about gendered bathrooms in DC. Be sure to check out some of DCTC member’s comments about the article on the online version of the story and look for an upcoming letter to the editor, as we’d like to clarify a few things about our campaign for City Paper’s readers.

—————————————————————-

4. Fighting the Effects of the Budget Crisis on DC’s Trans Community

As we recently announced, the City Council is cutting major funds to services for low income people, and the trans/GNC community is being especially hard hit. Check out this article over at the Blade about the effect this funding loss will have on DC’s homeless trans communities.

We’ve been busy writing letters, but sadly it looks like now we need to start working on ways to raise funds for groups that are in danger, especially Transgender Health Empowerment. THE has organized two upcoming fundraisers that we strongly urge everyone to attend! We’ll be letting you know about other opportunities to donate to organizations that work hard to provide crucial services.

Verna Moda True Fashion Show
Sunday, August 23rd, 3:00pm @ Zigfields 1824 Half Street SW
Special Appearance by Frenchie Davis
$20 in advance, $25 at the door.
For more info or to buy a ticket, call 202.636.1646 ex.109.

1st Year Anniversary and Awards Reception for the Wanda Alston House!
September 9th, 2009, 6:30-8:30pm @ True Reformer Bldg 1200 U St NW
Performances by Gordon Chambers. Minimum Donation: $50.
For more info or to buy a ticket, call 202.636.1646 ex.104.

—————————————————————-

5. Continuing to Combat Police Harassment and Brutality

It’s been about two years since DCTC successfully pressured the Metropolitan Police Department to release it’s “handling procedure” for dealing with the trans community, and we’re still worried about how it’s being implemented on the streets. Early next month, we will be meeting with the transgender support group at HIPS to discuss ways to hold the police accountable. Bret Parsons from the Gay and Lesbian Liaison Unit will be present for part of the meeting and will share MPD’s training material on trans sensitivity for us to review and comment. PLEASE NOTE: this meeting is only open to trans people. If you’d like to attend, e-mail us for the date, directions and more info.

—————————————————————-

6. Beginning Efforts to Ease Process of Amending Sex-Designations on DC Birth Certificates

Finally, we’re also starting a campaign to make it easier for trans people who were born in DC to change the sex listed on their birth certificates to match their actual sex/gender. Right now, the statute requires us to have expensive surgeries that are impractical or not desired by many in our community. Stay tuned for more updates!

Hi DCTC members, friends and supporters! There’s been a whole lot
going on for us lately, and we’d like to update everyone about what
we’re doing. Here’s a quick summary, and you can read on for more. If
any of these sound exciting, we hope to see you at our next organizing
meeting. See our website (dctranscoalition.org) for more info.
1. New Know Your Rights Material Released
2. Launching Health Care Survey & Access Campaign
3. Efforts to Improve Bathroom Safety Gaining Momentum
4. Fighting the Effects of the Budget Crisis on DC’s Trans Community
5. Continuing to Combat Police Harassment and Brutality
6. Beginning Efforts to Ease the Process for Amending Sex-Designations
on DC Birth Certificates—————————————————————-

1. New Know Your Rights Material Released

We’re putting the final touches on an updated version of our Know Your
Rights booklets. The new version includes new rights in DC homeless
shelters, public schools and jails, information on dealing with police
and an expanded list of local resources for trans and gender
nonconforming people. If you’d like a copy (or several!), send us an e-
mail at dctranscoalit@gmail.com or call 202.557.1951. Soon, you
will also be able to download a pdf on the website.

We are also finishing up a new presentation to educate trans/GNC
people about our rights in the District. We’ll be meeting with a group
of gender nonconforming youth next month, and we’d love to do more! If
you have friends, support groups or organizations you’d like us to
talk to or give a workshop for, let us know and we’ll set something
up.

—————————————————————-

2. Launching Health Care Survey & Access Campaign

Thanks to the success of our survey on gender-segregated spaces, we’d
like to initiate another survey for our community. This time, we’ll be
focusing on the issue of trans and gender nonconforming people’s
access to health care. We already know that our community faces huge
barriers to appropriate care, but we’d like to know more. Do doctors
or nurses mess up your pronouns? Do other clients harass you? Do you
have trouble getting on health insurance? Can you find a clinic within
reasonable distance that will see you? Does your insurance pay for
hormones? These are some of the things we want to know!

We’re going to start working on the surveys soon, and would love to
have input. If there are questions you think we should include, let us
know! We plan on developing two: one for providers, and one for (trans/
GNC) clients. The goal is to educate providers about trans people’s
needs so that they can serve us better, and to learn what our
community needs most so we can work on increasing our access to public
benefits and health care. Keep an eye out for our survey, and expect
to hear more from us about health care coverage soon.

—————————————————————-

3. Efforts to Improve Bathroom Safety Gaining Momentum

Our Bathroom Access and Safety Campaign is continuing to grow. We have
collected over 180 instances of gender-specific single occupancy
restrooms that are not in compliance with the Human Rights Law.
Please, keep sending them to us! Remember to e-mail
DCTCBathro@gmail.com with the name and address of the
establishment, the date you were there, and whether or not their
bathrooms are in compliance. For more info, check out our website.

The “Pee in Peace” rally on the 25th of last month was a huge success.
About forty people showed up, and we dispersed to investigate the
local bathroom situation, helping us gather non-compliant
establishments and raise awareness about trans/GNC people’s safety in
public bathrooms. Several media outlets have covered the campaign,
including local news [ http://www.topix.com/city/washington-dc-adams-morgan/2009/07/peeing-i…
], a cover story in the Washington Blade [
http://www.washblade.com/2009/7-24/outindc/cover/14933.cfm?page=1 ]
and national blogs like Pam’s House Blend [ http://www.pamshouseblend.com/tag/bathroom
]. Also check out our op-ed in the Blade [
http://www.washblade.com/2009/7-24/view/columns/14932.cfm ].

Just today, the Washington City Paper has a slightly more sensational
article about gendered bathrooms in DC [
http://www.washingtoncitypaper.com/blogs/sexist/2009/08/12/dc-bathroo…
]. Be sure to check out some of DCTC member’s comments about the
article on the online version of the story and look for an upcoming
letter to the editor, as we’d like to clarify a few things about our
campaign for City Paper’s readers.

—————————————————————-

4. Fighting the Effects of the Budget Crisis on DC’s Trans Community

As we recently announced, the City Council is cutting major funds to
services for low income people, and the trans/GNC community is being
especially hard hit. We’ve been busy writing letters, but sadly it
looks like now we need to start working on ways to raise funds for
groups that are in danger, especially Transgender Health Empowerment.
THE has organized two upcoming fundraisers that we strongly urge
everyone to attend! We’ll be letting you know about other
opportunities to donate to organizations that work hard to provide
crucial services.

Verno Moda True Fashion Show
Sunday, August 23rd, 3:00pm @ Zigfields 1824 Half Street SW
Special Appearance by Frenchie Davis
$20 in advance, $25 at the door.
For more info or to buy a ticket, call 202.636.1646 ex.109.

1st Year Anniversary and Awards Reception for the Wanda Alston House!
September 9th, 2009, 6:30-8:30pm @ True Reformer Bldg 1200 U St NW
Performances by Gordon Chambers. Minimum Donation: $50.
For more info or to buy a ticket, call 202.636.1646 ex.104.

—————————————————————-

5. Continuing to Combat Police Harassment and Brutality

It’s been about two years since DCTC successfully pressured the
Metropolitan Police Department to release it’s “handling procedure”
for dealing with the trans community, and we’re still worried about
how it’s being implemented on the streets. Early next month, we will
be meeting with the transgender support group at HIPS to discuss ways
to hold the police accountable. Bret Parsons from the Gay and Lesbian
Liaison Unit will be present for part of the meeting and will share
MPD’s training material on trans sensitivity for us to review and
comment. PLEASE NOTE: this meeting is only open to trans people. If
you’d like to attend, e-mail us for the date, directions and more
info.

—————————————————————-

6. Beginning Efforts to Ease Process of Amending Sex-Designations on
DC Birth Certificates

Finally, we’re also starting a campaign to make it easier for trans
people who were born in DC to change the sex listed on their birth
certificates to match their actual sex/gender. Right now, the statute
requires us to have expensive surgeries that are impractical or not
desired by many in our community. Stay tuned for more updates!

DCTC survey closed

The DCTC survey on gender and public facilities has closed.  A very big THANK YOU to all who participated.  The drawing for the four $50 cash prizes has taken place and the winners have been notified via email.  Congratulations to the winners!

DCTC also would like to thank the organizations and individuals who helped spread the word about our survey, including the following: The DC Center, Transgender Health Empowerment, HIPS, the Equal Rights Center, Different Avenues, La Clinica del Pueblo, Whitman Walker Clinic, and the DC Office of GLBT Affairs.  Thanks to you for making this survey such a success!

We are currently working on a report based on the survey results and will announce when the report is released.  In the meantime, we will continue to collect survey responses, but no more monetary prizes will be awarded.

If you haven’t already taken the survey and would like to do so, you may access it through this link: http://www.surveymonkey.com/s.aspx?sm=gNb1_2f7VmFEanb_2bJ43Pu7UQ_3d_3d.

Spanish version: http://www.surveymonkey.com/s.aspx?sm=J8DpqiouvwJTzFEN3jHbkQ_3d_3d

Thanks again to everyone who participated!!